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Country of Tajikistan Flag

Capital: Dushanbe

Population: 9,321,018

Brief History of Tajikistan:

The area that is today the Tajik Republic has been inhabited for thousands of years. It was part of the Persian Empire for a long period of time. Later it became part of the Batrian Empire and then the Arabs came, brining the religion of Islam.

In 875 AD the Samanid Empire came in to power. They ruled until 1000 AD and much of the Tajik culture comes from the Samanid Empire.

In the 19th century Tajikistan was absorbed into the Russian Empire. Following World War I and the rise of the Soviet Union, it also became part of the Soviet Union. When the Soviet Union broke up, Tajikistan became an independent country if 1991.

Country of Tajikistan Map

The Geography of Tajikistan

Total Size: 143,100 square km

Size Comparison: slightly smaller than Wisconsin

Geographical Coordinates: 39 00 N, 71 00 E

World Region or Continent: Asia

General Terrain: Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest

Geographical Low Point: Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) 300 m

Geographical High Point: Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m

Climate: midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains

Major cities: DUSHANBE (capital) 704,000 (2009)

The People of Tajikistan

Type of Government: republic

Languages Spoken: Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business

Independence: 9 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

National Holiday: Independence Day (or National Day), 9 September (1991)

Nationality: Tajikistani(s)

Religions: Sunni Muslim 85%, Shi'a Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)

National Symbol: crown surmounted by seven, five-pointed stars

National Anthem or Song: Surudi milli (National Anthem)

Economy of Tajikistan

Major Industries: aluminum, zinc, lead; chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers

Agricultural Products: cotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats

Natural Resources: hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold

Major Exports: aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, textiles

Major Imports: electricity, petroleum products, aluminum oxide, machinery and equipment, foodstuffs

Currency: somoni

National GDP: $16,220,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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