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Saint Helena

Country of Saint Helena Flag

Capital: Jamestown

Population: 6,059

Brief History of Saint Helena:

Saint Helena is a small British Overseas Territory located in the South Atlantic Ocean. It is made up of three primary island groups including Saint Helena, Tristan da Cunha, and the Ascension Islands. The islands were discovered by the Portuguese in the early 1500s.

Saint Helena is famous as the place where Napolean Bonaparte was exiled after he was defeated. He lived there from 1815 until he died in 1821. Ascension Island was used by the United States in World War II to support long flights over the Atlantic Ocean. Tristan da Cunha was named after the Portuguese navigator who discovered the island.

Country of Saint Helena Map

The Geography of Saint Helena

Total Size: 413 square km

Size Comparison: slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC

Geographical Coordinates: Saint Helena: 15 57 S 5 42 W

World Region or Continent: Africa

General Terrain: the islands of this group result from volcanic activity associated with the Atlantic Mid-Ocean Ridge

Geographical Low Point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point: Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha 2,062 m; Green Mountain on Ascension Island 859 m; Mount Actae

Climate: Saint Helena: tropical marine; mild, tempered by trade winds

Major cities: JAMESTOWN (capital) 1,000 (2009)

The People of Saint Helena

Type of Government: NA

Languages Spoken: English

Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)

National Holiday: Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June (1926)

Nationality: Saint Helenian(s)

Religions: Anglican (majority), Baptist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic

National Symbol: Saint Helena plover (bird)

National Anthem or Song: note:?as a territory of the United Kingdom, God Save the Queen is official (see United Kingdom)

Economy of Saint Helena

Major Industries: construction, crafts (furniture, lacework, fancy woodwork), fishing, philatelic sales

Agricultural Products: coffee, corn, potatoes, vegetables; timber; fish, lobster (on Tristan da Cunha)

Natural Resources: fish, lobster

Major Exports: fish (frozen, canned, and salt-dried skipjack, tuna), coffee, handicrafts

Major Imports: food, beverages, tobacco, fuel oils, animal feed, building materials, motor vehicles and parts, machinery and parts

Currency: Saint Helenian pound (SHP)

National GDP: $18,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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