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Capital: Podgorica (administrative capital)
Brief History of Montenegro:
The land that is today Montenegro first got its name during the 15th century. The area resisted being taken over by the Ottoman Empire for years. During the 1500-1800s Montenegro became a theocracy where the rulers were Bishop Princes and the government was entwined with religion. In 1852 the government separated from the church.
After World War I, Montenegro became a part of Kingdome of the Serb, Croats, and Slovenes and eventually became a part of the country of Yugoslavia. When Yugoslavia became communists and a virtual member of the Soviet Union, so did Montenegro. When the Soviet Union collapsed, Montenegro became part of a federation with Serbia. In 2006 Montenegro declared it independence and became its own country.
The Geography of Montenegro
Total Size: 14,026 square km
Size Comparison: slightly smaller than Connecticut
Geographical Coordinates: 42 30 N, 19 18 E
World Region or Continent: Europe
General Terrain: highly indented coastline with narrow coastal plain backed by rugged high limestone mountains and plateaus
Geographical Low Point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
Geographical High Point: Bobotov Kuk 2,522 m
Climate: Mediterranean climate, hot dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfalls inland
Major cities: PODGORICA (capital) 144,000 (2009)
The People of Montenegro
Type of Government: republic
Languages Spoken: Serbian (Ijekavian dialect - official)
Independence: 3 June 2006 (from Serbia and Montenegro); note - a referendum on independence was held 21 May 2006
National Holiday: National Day, 13 July
Religions: Orthodox, Muslim, Roman Catholic
National Symbol: double-headed eagle
National Anthem or Song: Oj, svijetla majska zoro (Oh, Bright Dawn of May)
Economy of Montenegro
Major Industries: steelmaking, agricultural processing, consumer goods, tourism
Agricultural Products: grains, tobacco, potatoes, citrus fruits, olives, grapes; sheepherding; commercial fishing negligible
Natural Resources: bauxite, hydroelectricity
Currency: euro (EUR)
National GDP: $7,157,000,000
** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.
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