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Malawi

Country of Malawi Flag

Capital: Lilongwe

Population: 16,323,044

Brief History of Malawi:

The land of Malawi has been inhabited by man for thousands of years. The first Europeans to arrive were the Portuguese in the 16th century. However, it was David Livingstone who arrived in 1859 and had the first significant contact. Churches and missions were soon established in the area with the hope of ending the slave trade.

In 1891 the land became a British protectorate. It was called Nyasaland. It became the independent country of Malawi in 1964. The country was ruled for 30 years by President Hasting Kamuzu Banda.



Country of Malawi Map

The Geography of Malawi

Total Size: 118,480 square km

Size Comparison: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

Geographical Coordinates: 13 30 S, 34 00 E

World Region or Continent: Africa

General Terrain: narrow elongated plateau with rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains

Geographical Low Point: junction of the Shire River and international boundary with Mozambique 37 m

Geographical High Point: Sapitwa (Mount Mlanje) 3,002 m

Climate: sub-tropical; rainy season (November to May); dry season (May to November)

Major cities: Blantyre 856,000; LILONGWE (capital) 821,000 (2009)

The People of Malawi

Type of Government: multiparty democracy

Languages Spoken: Chichewa 57.2% (official), Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998 census)

Independence: 6 July 1964 (from UK)

National Holiday: Independence Day (Republic Day), 6 July (1964)

Nationality: Malawian(s)

Religions: Christian 79.9%, Muslim 12.8%, other 3%, none 4.3% (1998 census)

National Symbol:

National Anthem or Song: Mulungu dalitsa Malawi (Oh God Bless Our Land of Malawi)

Economy of Malawi

Major Industries: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods

Agricultural Products: tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, corn, potatoes, cassava (tapioca), sorghum, pulses, groundnuts, Macadamia nuts; cattle, goats

Natural Resources: limestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite

Major Exports: tobacco 60%, tea, sugar, cotton, coffee, peanuts, wood products, apparel

Major Imports: food, petroleum products, semimanufactures, consumer goods, transportation equipment

Currency: Malawian kwacha (MWK)

National GDP: $13,760,000,000




** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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