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Country of Guyana Flag

Capital: Georgetown

Population: 782,766

Brief History of Guyana:

The land of Guyana was originally settled by the Arawak and Carib tribes. They named it Guiana, which stands for ?land of many waters?. The first European settlers were the Dutch, who came in the late 1500s. However, the British took over many years later in 1796.

In 1966 Guyana gained independence from Britain and became a republic in 1970. Sinc then however the political history of the country has been somewhat turbulent.

Country of Guyana Map

The Geography of Guyana

Total Size: 214,970 square km

Size Comparison: slightly smaller than Idaho

Geographical Coordinates: 5 00 N, 59 00 W

World Region or Continent: South America

General Terrain: mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south

Geographical Low Point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m

Climate: tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to August, November to January)

Major cities: GEORGETOWN (capital) 132,000 (2009)

The People of Guyana

Type of Government: republic

Languages Spoken: English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu

Independence: 26 May 1966 (from UK)

National Holiday: Republic Day, 23 February (1970)

Nationality: Guyanese (singular and plural)

Religions: Christian 50%, Hindu 35%, Muslim 10%, other 5%

National Symbol:

National Anthem or Song: Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains

Economy of Guyana

Major Industries: bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining

Agricultural Products: sugarcane, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish, shrimp

Natural Resources: bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish

Major Exports: sugar, gold, bauxite/alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber

Major Imports: manufactures, machinery, petroleum, food

Currency: Guyanese dollar (GYD)

National GDP: $5,851,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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