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Gaza Strip

Country of Gaza Strip Flag


Population: 1,795,183

Brief History of Gaza Strip:

The Gaza Strip sits between Israel and Egypt. It is only about 25 miles long and 5 miles wide. The original people of the area were refugees who fled Israel after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.

Today the Gaza Strip is one of the territorial units that form the Palestinian territories. The government in the Gaza Strip is the Hamas. They have ruled following the 2006 Palestinian legislative election and the Battle of Gaza.

Country of Gaza Strip Map

The Geography of Gaza Strip

Total Size: 360 square km

Size Comparison: slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC

Geographical Coordinates: 31 25 N, 34 20 E

World Region or Continent: Middle East

General Terrain: flat to rolling, sand- and dune-covered coastal plain

Geographical Low Point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point: Abu 'Awdah (Joz Abu 'Auda) 105 m

Climate: temperate, mild winters, dry and warm to hot summers

Major cities:

The People of Gaza Strip

Type of Government:

Languages Spoken: Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)


National Holiday:

Nationality: NA

Religions: Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 98.7%, Christian 0.7%, Jewish 0.6%

National Symbol:

National Anthem or Song:

Economy of Gaza Strip

Major Industries: generally small family businesses that produce textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Israelis have established some small-scale modern industries in an industrial center, but operations ceased prior to Israel's evacuation of Gaza Strip settlements

Agricultural Products: olives, citrus, vegetables; beef, dairy products

Natural Resources: arable land, natural gas

Major Exports: citrus, flowers, textiles

Major Imports: food, consumer goods, construction materials

Currency: new Israeli shekel (ILS)

National GDP: $768,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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