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Country of Eswatini Flag

Capital: Mbabane

Population: 1,148,130

Brief History of Eswatini:

The people of Eswatini (Swaziland) migrated from Mozambique. They then moved north to the current area of Swaziland when pushed out of the south by the stronger Zulu tribes. The Swazis gained strength and unity in the 1840s under the leader ship of Mswati II. Mswati II asked the Britich for help against Zulu raids.

For a period of time Swaziland was administered by South Africa and then became under British control in 1902. It became an independent country in 1968. The country was known by the name Swaziland until 2018 when the official name was changed to Eswatini.

Country of Eswatini Map

The Geography of Eswatini

Total Size: 17,363 square km

Size Comparison: slightly smaller than New Jersey

Geographical Coordinates: 26 30 S, 31 30 E

World Region or Continent: Africa

General Terrain: mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains

Geographical Low Point: Great Usutu River 21 m

Geographical High Point: Emlembe 1,862 m

Climate: varies from tropical to near temperate

Major cities: MBABANE (capital) 74,000 (2009)

The People of Eswatini

Type of Government: monarchy

Languages Spoken: English (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati (official)

Independence: 6 September 1968 (from the UK)

National Holiday: Independence Day, 6 September (1968)

Nationality: Swazi(s)

Religions: Zionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, Anglican, Bahai, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish and other 30%

National Symbol: lion; elephant

National Anthem or Song: Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati (Oh God, Bestower of the Blessings of the Swazi)

Economy of Eswatini

Major Industries: mining (coal, raw asbestos), wood pulp, sugar, soft drink concentrates, textile and apparel

Agricultural Products: sugarcane, cotton, corn, tobacco, rice, citrus, pineapples, sorghum, peanuts; cattle, goats, sheep

Natural Resources: asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc

Major Exports: soft drink concentrates, sugar, wood pulp, cotton yarn, refrigerators, citrus and canned fruit

Major Imports: motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals

Currency: lilangeni (SZL)

National GDP: $6,231,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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