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Equatorial Guinea

Country of Equatorial Guinea Flag

Capital: Malabo

Population: 1,355,986

Brief History of Equatorial Guinea:

The area that is now Equatorial Guinea was inhabited for many years by local tribes and the Pygmies. During the European colonization period, Spain took over the area and had control for around 190 years. In 1968 Spain granted the country full independence.

In 1979 President Obiang Nguema gained power over the Equatorial Guinea government in a coup. Since then he has ruled more like a full dictator than a president. The country itself has become rich due to oil reserves found off the coast. However, the majority of the population is still poor and has sub-standard living conditions.

Country of Equatorial Guinea Map

The Geography of Equatorial Guinea

Total Size: 28,051 square km

Size Comparison: slightly smaller than Maryland

Geographical Coordinates: 2 00 N, 10 00 E

World Region or Continent: Africa

General Terrain: coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic

Geographical Low Point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point: Pico Basile 3,008 m

Climate: tropical; always hot, humid

Major cities: MALABO (capital) 128,000 (2009)

The People of Equatorial Guinea

Type of Government: republic

Languages Spoken: Spanish (official), French (official), pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo

Independence: 12 October 1968 (from Spain)

National Holiday: Independence Day, 12 October (1968)

Nationality: Equatorial Guinean(s) or Equatoguinean(s)

Religions: nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices

National Symbol: silk cotton tree

National Anthem or Song: Caminemos pisando la senda (Let Us Tread the Path)

Economy of Equatorial Guinea

Major Industries: petroleum, fishing, sawmilling, natural gas

Agricultural Products: coffee, cocoa, rice, yams, cassava (tapioca), bananas, palm oil nuts; livestock; timber

Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand and gravel, clay

Major Exports: petroleum, methanol, timber, cocoa

Major Imports: petroleum sector equipment, other equipment

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central

National GDP: $26,100,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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