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Country of Comoros Flag

Capital: Moroni

Population: 850,886

Brief History of Comoros:

The islands that today make up the small island nation of Comoros have been conquered and ruled by various groups from the nearby areas including the Persians, Indonesians, and Africans. Comoros was first discovered by Europeans in 1505. The Portuguese were the first to visit, but it was the French who colonized the islands starting in 1841.

The islands were used for agriculture and many of the crops were exported to other lands. In 1975 some of the islands declared independence from France. The island of Mayotte decided to keep their ties with France. Since then the country of Comoros has had a series of coups and civil unrest over its short history.

Country of Comoros Map

The Geography of Comoros

Total Size: 2,170 square km

Size Comparison: slightly more than 12 times the size of Washington, DC

Geographical Coordinates: 12 10 S, 44 15 E

World Region or Continent: Africa

General Terrain: volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills

Geographical Low Point: Indian Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point: Le Kartala 2,360 m

Climate: tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)

Major cities: MORONI (capital) 49,000 (2009)

The People of Comoros

Type of Government: republic

Languages Spoken: Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)

Independence: 6 July 1975 (from France)

National Holiday: Independence Day, 6 July (1975)

Nationality: Comoran(s)

Religions: Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%

National Symbol: four stars and crescent

National Anthem or Song: Udzima wa ya Masiwa (The Union of the Great Islands)

Economy of Comoros

Major Industries: tourism, perfume distillation

Agricultural Products: vanilla, cloves, perfume essences, copra, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca)

Natural Resources: NEGL

Major Exports: vanilla, ylang-ylang (perfume essence), cloves, copra

Major Imports: rice and other foodstuffs, consumer goods, petroleum products, cement, transport equipment

Currency: Comoran franc (KMF)

National GDP: $837,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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