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Burkina Faso

Country of Burkina Faso Flag

Capital: Ouagadougou

Population: 20,321,378

Brief History of Burkina Faso:

Prior to the arrival of Europeans, Burkina was ruled by the Mossi. The Mossi were powerful kingdoms of tribes throughout Burkina. The French were the first of the Europeans to arrive and they laid claim to the land in 1896. However, the Mossi fought back. The French took control in 1901, but generally used the Mossi leaders to administer the area.

On August 5, 1960 Burkina Faso became an independent country. Their first president was Maurice Yameogo. The country has since been marred by military coups and power struggles. The country also struggles with high population density and limited natural resources.

Country of Burkina Faso Map

The Geography of Burkina Faso

Total Size: 274,200 square km

Size Comparison: slightly larger than Colorado

Geographical Coordinates: 13 00 N, 2 00 W

World Region or Continent: Africa

General Terrain: mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in west and southeast

Geographical Low Point: Mouhoun (Black Volta) River 200 m

Geographical High Point: Tena Kourou 749 m

Climate: tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers

Major cities: OUAGADOUGOU (capital) 1.777 million (2009), Bobo Dioulasso

The People of Burkina Faso

Type of Government: parliamentary republic

Languages Spoken: French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population

Independence: 5 August 1960 (from France)

National Holiday: Republic Day, 11 December (1958)

Nationality: Burkinabe (singular and plural)

Religions: Muslim 50%, indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian (mainly Roman Catholic) 10%

National Symbol: white stallion

National Anthem or Song: Le Ditanye (Anthem of Victory)

Economy of Burkina Faso

Major Industries: cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold

Agricultural Products: cotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock

Natural Resources: manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, phosphates, pumice, salt

Major Exports: cotton, livestock, gold

Major Imports: capital goods, foodstuffs, petroleum

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the

National GDP: $22,100,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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