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International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF)
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What is the IAAF?
The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) is the worldwide governing body for professional level athletics and track and field. Its purpose is to create and regulate professional level meets and to set the standards for administering competitions, using equipment, and documenting world records. Its role as a world leader in athletics, transforming an amateur fad into a professional industry, has made a huge impact on professional sports.
The International Amateur Athletics Federation was founded on July 17th, 1912 in Stockholm, Sweden by representatives of athletics federations from around the world. The IAAF was founded because in the late 1800's athletics, along with many other sports, became very popular. In order to maintain consistent athletics standards a worldwide governing body needed to be formed for professional level athletics. Although it was still considered to be an amateur sport, both athletics and the IAAF continued to grow over the next half a century. Since its inception, the IAAF has grown a great deal, the number of people on the council increasing from seven to 27 and the number of member federations increasing from 17 to 212. In the 1970's the IAAF introduced the World Athletics Series which along with the Olympic Games were the championships of professional level athletics. In 1985, realizing the value and professionalism of professional level athletics, the IAAF began providing compensation for athletes. In 2001, the IAAF changed their name from the International Amateur Athletics Federation to the International Association of Athletics Federations because of the changing worldview of professional level athletics.
The IAAF consists of 212 member federations; one for each participating nation that are divided into six area associations by continent. As of 2014, the organization is governed under the leadership of President Lamine Diack. He is a member of the IAAF council which also consists of four vice presidents, the treasurer, a representative from each area association, and fifteen other members. The IAAF council has the power to administer all of the affairs of the organization, including appointing jobs, making urgent decisions, managing the budget, and creating development programs. The council is a part of the IAAF congress which also consists of at the most three members of each member federation and special honorary members. The IAAF congress has the power to amend rules and regulations, to establish competitions, and to hand out awards.
The IAAF administers many professional level competitions worldwide. Its long list of competitions include the World Athletics Series, the international championships of athletics, which consists of competitions usually held every two years that range from the IAAF World Indoor Championships to the IAAF World Race Walking Cup. The IAAF also administers smaller scale, annual series of one day competitions, including the IAAF Diamond League, the IAAF Label Road Races, and the IAAF Race Walking Challenge. Though not directly involved, the IAAF officially recognizes the Olympic Games and Youth Olympic Games as very important professional level competitions.
Fun Facts about the IAAF
- The IAAF has put mountain running its own category. It even has its own world championships and grand prix circuit.
- The council must have a minimum of six female members.
- The IAAF has more members than the United Nations.
- The IAAF is widely considered to be the world leader in the battle against doping in professional athletics.
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