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Biology for Kids

Concussion (Head Injury)

What is a concussion?

A concussion is a traumatic injury to the brain usually caused by a blow to the head, but can sometimes happen when a person is violently shaken. Concussions can change the way the brain works. Most of the time these changes are temporary, but sometimes the damage can be permanent.

Typical Symptoms Some people may have lingering symptoms including being sensitive to light and loud noises, trouble sleeping, irritability, and changes in the sense of taste and smell.

Can a concussion be dangerous?

Although most people recover fine from a concussion, any concussion should be taken seriously as they can be very dangerous. Untreated concussions can result in permanent brain damage and can even cause death (although this is very rare). People with concussions should see a doctor. If serious symptoms such as vomiting, severe headache, lethargy (severe sleepiness), trouble focusing, seizures, etc occur, then the person should be taken immediately to a doctor or the emergency room.

Multiple Concussions

Getting multiple concussions can be even more dangerous. Concussions can have a cumulative effect. Meaning that the symptoms can add up, getting worse and worse the more concussions a person has. When a person has a concussion, they should not engage in sports (such as football) or other activities where they might get hit in the head until a doctor has told them it is okay.

Types of Concussions

Concussions are graded from 1 to 3 based on their severity. Here are the descriptions of each grade according to the American Academy of Neurology. Treatments

As we mentioned above, a person with a concussion should visit their doctor and get medical help. Some of the treatments that are usually advised for concussion patients may include: Prevention

You can lower your risk of getting a concussion by trying to protect your head from taking a hard blow. Some ways of doing this are listed below: Interesting Facts about Concussions Activities

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*** This page is not to be used as medical advice in any way. Please immediately consult your doctor if you have medical concerns.

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The Human Body
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Nervous System
Digestive System
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Smelling and Tasting
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Science >> Biology for Kids





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