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Practice History Questions

American Civil War
Answers

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1. Q: What were the northern states called?

A: The Union

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2. Q: What were the southern states called?

C: The Confederacy

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3. Q: About how many lives were lost in the American Civil War?

D: 600,000

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4. Q: Where did the Civil War start?

B: Charleston (SC)

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5. Q: What year did the Civil War begin?

C: 1861

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6. Q: What fort did Confederate General P.G.T Beauregard fire on to start the Civil War?

B: Fort Sumter

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7. Q: When did the last Confederate army surrender?

D: 1865

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8. Q: Who was elected President of the United States in 1860?

B: Abraham Lincoln

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9. Q: What was the South's main source of income?

A: Cotton

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10. Q: Which side was against high tariffs?

B: South

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11. Q: Prior to the Civil War what was the Federal Governments chief source of income?

D: tariffs

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12. Q: Which current state was not part of the Northwest Territory?

A: Iowa

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13. Q: Which side preferred stronger state government and less federal government?

B: South

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14. Q: Why were the western territories so politically important to both the North and the South?

B: They would decide who had control in congress

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15. Q: What was the Missouri Compromise?

D: An agreement that said Missouri was a slave state; while Maine would be a free state.

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16. Q: What book did Harriet Beecher Stowe write about slavery?

A: Uncle Tom's Cabin

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17. Q: What was the antislavery political party that ran John C. Fremont in the 1856 presidential election?

B: Repulican

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18. Q: Who was Dred Scott?

C: A slave who sued for his freedom.

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19. Q: Who raided a federal armory in Harper's Ferry (VA) and planned to march south to free the slaves?

A: John Brown

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20. Q: What was the first southern state to secede from the United States?

B: South Carolina

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21. Q: Who was president of the Confederacy?

D: Jefferson Davis

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22. Q: How many states had already seceded when Lincoln took the oath of office?

B: 7

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23. Q: Who was the General-in-Chief of the Union army at the start of the war?

B: Winfield Scott

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24. Q: What was the Anaconda Plan?

D: A military strategy for the the Union

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25. Q: Which of the following military technologies was not used in a major conflict prior to the Civil War?

C: Gun Powder

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26. Q: What was the CSS Hunley?

A: Submarine

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27. Q: In both the North and South a draftee could hire a substitute to go to war for him?

A: TRUE

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28. Q: How did the Confederacy get funds for the war?

C: By printing money

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29. Q: What was the first major victory for the South?

B: First Battle of Bull Run

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30. Q: "Who gained the nickname ""Stonewall"" for his great stand at the First Battle of Bull Run?"

C: Jackson

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31. Q: Who was the first Union general over the Army of the Potomac?

D: George McClellan

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32. Q: What was the Trent Affair?

A: When two Confederate representatives were taken by the Union from the British Ship Trent

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33. Q: Who was the Confederacy's famous calvary commander that gathered the information to help win the Seven Day's Battle?

C: Stuart

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34. Q: What battle pitted the two Western generals (Grant of the Union and Johnston of the Confederacy) against each other?

B: Battle of Shiloh

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35. Q: What were The Monitor and The Virginia?

A: Ironclad Warships

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36. Q: In 1862 where was the capital of the Confederacy?

D: Richmand, VA

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37. Q: Who's military genius and personality is often credited with holding the Confederate Army together?

C: Robert E. Lee

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38. Q: What Union general was charged with capturing Richmond, VA in the Peninsular Campaign?

A: McClellan

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39. Q: What Confederate city did David Farragut capture that was the key to the Mississippi?

D: New Orleans

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40. Q: After claiming victory, what Union general suffered a humiliating defeat at the 2nd Battle of Bull Run?

C: Pope

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41. Q: With 23,000 casualties, what was the bloodiest one-day battle in US history?

B: Antietam

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42. Q: Who was President of the United States during the Civil War?

A: Lincoln

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43. Q: What was the main motivation behind Lincoln making the abolition of slavery a war aim?

C: To keep Great Britain and France from recognizing the Confederacy

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44. Q: "What document stated that ""Slaves of any state...in rebellion...shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free""?"

D: Emancipation Proclamation

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45. Q: Who issued the Emancipation Proclamation?

C: Abraham Lincoln

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46. Q: Who won the Battle of Fredericksburg?

A: Confederacy

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47. Q: Who became commander of the Union Army of the Potomac after the loss at Fredericksburg?

C: Hooker

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48. Q: In 1860 the South exported $191 million of cotton. About how much were they able to export in 1862?

A: $4 million

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49. Q: In what battle did Stonewall Jackson die?

B: Battle of Chancellorsville

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50. Q: Who led the ill-fated Confederate charge on the the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg?

C: Pickett

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51. Q: "What speech starts out ""Fourscore and seven years ago...""?"

A: Gettysburg Address

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52. Q: Who wrote the Gettysburg Address?

D: Abraham Lincoln

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53. Q: What was the nickname for the Northern Peace Democrats who opposed Lincoln and the War?

C: Copperheads

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54. Q: Which killed more men in the Civil War?

A: disease

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55. Q: Who formed groups to help the Union Soldiers that later became the Red Cross?

B: Clara Barton

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56. Q: What became Union General George Thomas' nickname after he held his ground at Chickamauga Creek?

A: Rock of Chickamauga

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57. Q: What Union general captured Atlanta?

B: Sherman

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58. Q: Who was elected President of the United States near the end of the war in 1864?

D: Abraham Lincoln

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59. Q: Where did Sherman march to from Atlanta while burning and destroying property on the way?

C: Savannah

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60. Q: Where did Robert E. Lee agree to terms of surrender?

A: Appomattox Court House

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61. Q: During 1860 to 1870 the northern wealth increased 50 percent. What was the impact to southern wealth over the same period?

D: decreased by 60 percent

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62. Q: What amendment was added to the Constitution after the war that freed slaves?

C: 13th

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63. Q: What percentage of military-aged southern white men became part of the Confederate Army?

D: 80

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64. Q: Where was Abraham Lincoln assassinated?

C: Ford's Theatre

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65. Q: Who assassinated Abraham Lincoln?

A: John Wilkes Booth

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