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Biography >> World War 2 for Kids

Biography

Charles de Gaulle

Biography:

Where did Charles de Gaulle grow up?

Charles de Gaulle was born in Lille, France on November 22, 1890. His father, Henri, was a professor who taught him about the rich history of France. Growing up, Charles loved to read his father's books and reenact French military battles from history. When he was eleven, his family moved to Paris where he attended school.

As Charles grew older he began to feel that he had a destiny to serve France. He decided to join the army and attended Saint-Cyr military academy, an elite military school.


Charles de Gaulle
Source: US Government

Early Career

Charles joined the army in 1912. Just a few years later, in 1914, World War I broke out. Charles fought bravely during the war. He was wounded several times and was eventually captured by the Germans. While a prisoner, he unsuccessfully tried to escape five different times, but remained a prisoner until the end of the war.

After World War I, Charles continued with the military. He fought in several smaller wars and rose to the level of colonel. He developed many theories on how battles should be fought. He became frustrated with the outdated French strategies of trench warfare. He thought that fast-moving armored divisions were the future of war. His theories would later be proved correct when Hitler used a similar strategy to conquer much of Europe.

World War II Begins

When World War II broke out, de Gaulle quickly rose to the rank of brigadier general. However, as the Germans continued to take over French territory, he began to disagree with the leaders of the French government. They had decided to surrender, but de Gaulle wanted to keep fighting.

Free France

As the French government was surrendering to Germany, de Gaulle fled to Britain. Once in Britain he set up his own French government called Free France. He made speeches on BBC radio urging the French people to resist the rule of the Germans. Meanwhile the French government that had surrendered to Germany called him a traitor and sentenced him to death for treason.

De Gaulle continued to organize the Free France government as well as the French Resistance. He gathered French forces that had escaped from France in order to help liberate France when the time came. Finally, on D-Day, the Allies invaded France. De Gaulle's forces and the French Resistance played a part in the liberation. De Gaulle worked it out with General Eisenhower of the Allied forces that his French army would liberate Paris.

Charles de Gualle entering into Paris
Charles de Gualle in Paris
Source: the Ministry of Information

Leader of France

After Germany was ousted from France, de Gaulle became the provisional leader of France from 1944 to 1946. He oversaw the end of World War II and helped France to form a new government. He resigned from office and left politics in 1946.

President of France

In 1958, de Gaulle returned to politics and was elected the President of France. He would remain president for ten years until 1969. During de Gaulle's time as president France's economy boomed and the country had fully recovered from World War II. France also became the world's fourth nuclear power (along with the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union).

Death

He retired again from politics in 1969. He died a year later from a heart attack at his home.

Interesting Facts about Charles de Gaulle

Learn More about World War II:

Overview:
World War II Timeline
Allied Powers and Leaders
Axis Powers and Leaders
Causes of WW2
War in Europe
War in the Pacific
After the War

Battles:
Battle of Britain
Battle of the Atlantic
Pearl Harbor
Battle of Stalingrad
D-Day (Invasion of Normandy)
Battle of the Bulge
Battle of Berlin
Battle of Midway
Battle of Guadalcanal
Battle of Iwo Jima

Events:
The Holocaust
Japanese Internment Camps
Bataan Death March
Fireside Chats
Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Atomic Bomb)
War Crimes Trials
Recovery and the Marshall Plan
Leaders:
Winston Churchill
Charles de Gaulle
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Douglas MacArthur
George Patton
Adolf Hitler
Joseph Stalin
Benito Mussolini
Hirohito
Anne Frank
Eleanor Roosevelt

Other:
The US Home Front
Women of World War II
African Americans in WW2
Spies and Secret Agents
Aircraft
Aircraft Carriers
Technology
World War II Glossary and Terms

Works Cited

History >> World War 2 for Kids

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