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Aztec Empire

Religion, Gods, and Mythology

History >> Aztec, Maya, and Inca for Kids

The Aztecs worshiped many gods. When they took over a new tribe or culture they often adopted the new tribe's gods into the Aztec religion.

The Sun

One of the most important aspects of Aztec religion was the sun. The Aztecs called themselves the "People of the Sun". They felt that in order for the sun to rise each day the Aztecs needed to perform rituals and sacrifices to give the sun strength.

Main Gods

Despite worshiping many gods, there were certain gods that the Aztecs considered more important and powerful than the others. The most important god to the Aztecs was Huitzilopochtli. Here are some of the most important gods to the Aztecs.

Picture of the god Huitzilopochtli
The god Huitzilopochtli by Unknown
Aztec gods Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca
Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca by Unknown

Priests

The Priests were responsible for making sure that the gods were offered the correct offerings and sacrifices. They had to perform all sorts of ceremonies in the temples to make sure that the gods were not angry with the Aztecs. Priests had to undergo extensive training. They were well-respected and powerful in the Aztec society.

Human Sacrifice

The Aztecs believed that the sun needed the blood of human sacrifice in order to rise each day. They performed thousands of human sacrifices. Some historians think that more than 20,000 people were killed when the Great Temple was first dedicated in 1487.

The Afterlife

The Aztecs believed in a number of levels of heaven and the underworld. Depending on how you died would determine where you went. Those who died in battle would go to the top level of heaven. Those who drowned would go to the underworld.

Interesting Facts about the Aztec Religion, Gods, and Mythology Activities

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Aztecs
  • Timeline of the Aztec Empire
  • Daily Life
  • Government
  • Gods and Mythology
  • Writing and Technology
  • Society
  • Tenochtitlan
  • Spanish Conquest
  • Art
  • Hernan Cortes
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  • Maya
  • Timeline of Maya History
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  • Pyramids and Architecture
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  • Hero Twins Myth
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  • Inca
  • Timeline of the Inca
  • Daily Life of the Inca
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  • Mythology and Religion
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  • Cuzco
  • Machu Picchu
  • Tribes of Early Peru
  • Francisco Pizarro
  • Glossary and Terms

  • Works Cited

    History >> Aztec, Maya, and Inca for Kids






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