>> Ancient Africa
Glossary and Terms
- A mud brick material made from clay and straw used to make walls and homes in Ancient Africa.
- An empire located in the Horn of Africa that ruled from 100 CE to 940 CE. It was also called Axum.
- A people group from the Middle East who invaded and conquered North Africa in the 700s CE.
- The native peoples of North Africa.
- Dutch and French settlers in South Africa.
- A group of traders typically traveling across the desert using camels.
- A powerful city-state in North Africa on coast of the Mediterranean Sea. It rivaled Rome between 650 and 146 BCE.
- A group or division of peoples that defines social order and rank.
- A two-wheeled vehicle that is drawn by horse(s). It was usually used in warfare in northern Africa.
- A large continuous expanse of land. Africa is one of the Earth's continents.
- The staple food of West Africa. It is made from yams.
- Empire that ruled West Africa from 300 to 1100 CE.
- Large city that ruled in Central Africa starting around 1200 CE.
- A storyteller, musician, and historian in West Africa.
- A system of writing used by the Egyptians that used symbols and pictures.
- A religion that believes in Allah and the teaching of the prophet Muhammad. It spread to North Africa in the 700s.
- A hard, white material formed from the tusks of animals such as elephants. It was used to make jewelry and other ornaments.
- A stringed instrument similar to a harp that was played by the griots.
- An ancient kingdom that ruled the land of the Sudan south of Egypt. It ruled from 1070 BCE to the 300s CE. It is also called Nubia.
- The region of North Africa from Libya to Mauritania.
- Empire that ruled West Africa from 1235 CE to 1600 CE. Was founded by King Sundiata.
- Emperor of the Mali Empire who made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. He was one of the richest people in history.
- The people of North Africa under Islam rule after 709 CE.
- A person who follows the religion of Islam.
- People that travel from place to place to find food and pasture for their livestock.
- A magical force in traditional African religion often thought to be used by artisans such as blacksmiths.
- The ruler or king of the Egyptians.
- A monumental structure with four sides that meet at a point at the top. The Egyptians and the Kushites built pyramids generally as tombs for their pharaohs.
- A dense forest found in areas of heavy rainfall. Some of central and western Africa is rainforest.
- Region between the Sahara Desert and the savanna grasslands.
- Large desert in North Africa between the Mediterranean Sea and Central/West Africa.
- Empire that ruled in West Africa from 1464 to 1591.
- An ethnic group in East Africa. Also, the language spoken by many East African nations including Kenya and Uganda.
- A member of the Boers who migrated from British territory in South Africa to the Boer Republics.
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