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Country of Martinique Flag

Capital: Fort-de-France

Population: 436,131

Brief History of Martinique:

Martinique is an island in the eastern Caribbean Sea. It is an overseas region of France. The original inhabitants of the island were the Native American Arawaks who were later driven out by the Caribs. The first European to arrive was Christopher Columbus in 1493. The island was claimed by France in 1635. Although the British took control a few times, Martinique has remained a French possession. In 1946 the island was made on overseas territory. The official language is French and the monetary unit is the Euro.

Country of Martinique Map

The Geography of Martinique

Total Size: 1,100 square km

Size Comparison: slightly more than six times the size of Washington, DC

Geographical Coordinates: 14 40 N, 61 00 W

World Region or Continent: Central America

General Terrain: mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano

Geographical Low Point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point: Montagne Pelee 1,397 m

Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average; average temperature 17.3 degrees C; humid

Major cities:

The People of Martinique

Type of Government: NA

Languages Spoken: French, Creole patois

Independence: none (overseas department of France)

National Holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)

Nationality: Martiniquais (singular and plural)

Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 10.5%, Muslim 0.5%, Hindu 0.5%, other 3.5% (1997)

National Symbol:

National Anthem or Song:

Economy of Martinique

Major Industries: construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism

Agricultural Products: pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, sugarcane

Natural Resources: coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land

Major Exports: refined petroleum products, bananas, rum, pineapples

Major Imports: petroleum products, crude oil, foodstuffs, construction materials, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods

Currency: euro (EUR)

National GDP: $6,117,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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